World Health Day is a global health awareness day. It is celebrated every year on 7th April under the auspices of the World Health Organization(WHO), as well as other related organizations. It is used to celebrate with many people and organizations to get them acknowledged the importance of health and health-related issues. World Health Day is observed worldwide by government and non-government health organizations. Its main objective is to promote healthier habits and ways of living in order to get an increase in life expectancy of people worldwide.
The first World health day was celebrated in 1950 by World Health Organization. Universal healthcare is the main focus of WHO i.e. to plan and put strategies so that health care is accessible to different regions of the world. The purpose of the world health day celebration is to create a specific health theme in order to highlight the priority area of concern. One of the most effective World Health day themes has been Global Polio Eradication which has been adopted in 1995. Ever since the awareness of people towards Polio has been raised considerably and most parts of the world are freed from Polio.
World Health Day 2020 Theme Slogan
The Theme for World Health Day 2020 is
“Support the nurses and midwives”
Today at the event of World Health Day, WHO is honoring the nurses and midwives for their pivotal role and contributions in the health care system to make the world healthier and strong. Nurses and midwives are a significant part of the health care system and constitute the largest proportion of the health workforce. They account for nearly 50% of the global health workforce. Nurses and midwives both contribute significantly to positive health outcomes.
They support people in achieving their health and well-being ranging from health promotion to chronic disease management. They play an important role in disease prevention, health promotion, and delivering primary and community care. In order to get universal health coverage, the nurses and midwives are playing a key role. In this international year of nursing and midwife, World Health Organization (WHO) will highlight the current status of nursing around the world, and WHO and its partners will make series of recommendations to strengthen the nursing and midwifery workforce.
The need of the hour is to strengthen the workforce of nurses and midwives in order to achieve the targets globally such as maternal and child health, immunization programs, mental health, communicable and non-communicable disease, universal health coverage, etc. There is a shortage of nursing and midwives globally but the largest need-based shortage of nurses and midwives are in South East Asia and Africa.
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World Health Organization (WHO ) release a report along with the International Council Of Nurses (ICN) and nursing with the title “The State Of World Nursing 2020”.
Some of the key points of World Health Day report are
- There are just 28 million nurses worldwide.
- Nurses account for more than half of all the worlds’ health workers.
- The world needs still 5.9 million more nurses though the nursing number is increased by4.7 million nurses between 2013 and 2108
- 90% of all nurses are female.
- One in every eight nurses is working in some other country other than the one where they born and trained.
- This report also focuses to increase funding to educate and employ more nurses. WHO emphasis to invest in global health workforce of nursing
- This report also focuses to make strategies to train and educate nurses in scientific and technological skills in order to get progress in primary health care.
- According to this report, steps must be taken to improve the working condition including safe staffing level, fair salaries, and respecting rights to occupational health and safety.
- This report also states that establish leadership positions including a government chief nurse and also supports leadership development among young nurses.
- Implement gender-sensitive nursing workforce policies.
All health care workers including nurses are frontline workers during Covid-19 current outbreak. They are putting their own lives at risk in order to protect all mankind. This humble and noble sacrifice on behalf of nurses and all health care workers can never be forgotten. The current COVID-19 outbreak is a unique challenge of its own kind where the efforts of all health care workers are unbeatable.
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